Using Easyrule to Add Firewall Rules

The EasyRule function found in the GUI and on the command line can be used to add firewall rules quickly.

In the GUI, this function is available in the Firewall Log view (Status > System Logs, Firewall tab). There is an icon next to the source, which will add the source to a blocking rule in an alias. There is an icon next to the destination to add a pass rule from the source of that log entry to the destination IP address and port.

There is a command line program that handles the same functionality. It is called “easyrule” and can be run from the shell like so:

: easyrule
Blocking only requires an IP to block
    easyrule block <interface> <source IP>

Passing requires more detail, as it must be as specific as possible. The destination port is
optional if you're using a protocol without a port (e.g. ICMP, OSPF, etc).
    easyrule pass <interface> <protocol> <source IP> <destination ip> [destination port]

Block example:
    easyrule block wan

Pass example (protocol with port):
    easyrule pass wan tcp 80

Pass example (protocol without port):
    easyrule pass wan icmp

The source code of those scripts can be adapted for adding firewall rules in other ways, but that is left as an exercise for the reader.